Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah
Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan
Language(s) : Malay, English
Currency : B$ (Brunei Dollar)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade of Brunei Darussalam Website:


Head of State : His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni
Head of Government : Prime Minister Hun Sen
Capital : Phnom Penh
Language : Khmer
Currency : Riel
Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation of Cambodia Website:


Head of State : President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Capital : Jakarta
Language : Indonesian
Currency : Rupiah
Department of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Website:


Head of State : President Choummaly Sayasone
Head of Government : Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh
Capital : Vientiane
Language : Lao
Currency : Kip
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lao PDR Website:


Head of Government : The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak
Capital : Kuala Lumpur
Language(s) : Malay, English, Chinese, Tamil
Currency : Ringgit
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia Website:
ASEAN-Malaysia National Secretariat Website:


Head of State : Senior General Than Shwe
Head of Government : Prime Minister General Thein Sein
Capital : Nay Pyi Taw
Language : Myanmar
Currency : Kyat
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Myanmar Website:


Head of State : President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Capital : Manila
Language(s) : Filipino, English, Spanish
Currency : Peso
Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines Website:


Head of State : President S R Nathan
Head of Government : Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Capital : Singapore
Language(s) : English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Currency : S$ (Singapore Dollar)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Singapore Website:


Head of State : His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of Government : Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Capital : Bangkok
Language : Thai
Currency : Baht
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand Website:


Head of State : President Nguyen Minh Triet
Head of Government : Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
Capital : Ha Noi
Language : Vietnamese
Currency : Dong
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam Website:



The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

Brunei Darussalam then joined on 8 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN.


As set out in the ASEAN Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are:

  1. To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavours in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations;
  2. To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter;
  3. To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields;
  4. To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres;
  5. To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples;
  6. To promote Southeast Asian studies; and
  7. To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.


In their relations with one another, the ASEAN Member States have adopted the following fundamental principles, as contained in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) of 1976:

  1. Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations;
  2. The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion;
  3. Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;
  4. Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner;
  5. Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and
  6. Effective cooperation among themselves.


The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies.

At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established.

At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.

The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Each pillar has its own Blueprint, and, together with the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work Plan Phase II (2009-2015), they form the Roadmap for and ASEAN Community 2009-2015.


The ASEAN flag represents a stable, peaceful, united and dynamic ASEAN. The colours of the flag — blue, red, white and yellow — represent the main colours of the flags of all the ASEAN countries.

The blue represents peace and stability. Red depicts courage and dynamism. White shows purity and yellow symbolises prosperity.

The ten stalks of padi represent the dream of ASEAN’s Founding Fathers for an ASEAN comprising all the ten countries in Southeast Asia bound together in friendship and solidarity. The circle represents the unity of ASEAN.

The specification of Pantone Colour
adopted for the colours of the ASEAN flag are:
Blue: Pantone 19-4053 TC
Red: Pantone 18-1655 TC
White: Pantone 11-4202 TC
Yellow: Pantone 13-0758 TC

For the printed version, the specifications of colours (except white) will follow those for the colours of the ASEAN logo, i.e.:

Blue: Pantone 286 or Process Colour 100C 60M 0Y 6K
Red: Pantone Red 032 or Process Colour 0C 91M 87Y 0K
Yellow: Pantone Process Yellow or Process Colour 0C 0M 100Y 0K

The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two to three and the size specifications for the official flags are:

Table Flag: 10 cm x 15 cm
Room Flag: 100 cm x 150 cm
Car Flag: 10 cm x 30 cm
Field Flag: 200 cm x 300 cm


(From Handbook on ASEAN Protocol and Practices, January 1995)

  1. Bearing of the ASEAN Flag
    1. The ASEAN Flag is a sign of distinction to display the unity of ASEAN Member Countries;
    2. The ASEAN Flag is a symbol of Member Countries’ unity and support for the principles and endeavours of ASEAN.
  2. Dignity of Flag
    As a general principle, the ASEAN Flag shall be used in a proper and dignified manner.
  3. Use and Display of the ASEAN Flag by the ASEAN Secretariat
    The ASEAN Secretariat shall use and display the ASEAN Flag in the manner specified under these guidelines which include the following:

    1. During ASEAN meetings;
    2. On the official vehicle of the Secretary-General during official functions;
    3. At the Secretariat building and residence of the Secretary-General; and
    4. During official ceremonies, gatherings, exhibitions or any other special occasions, organised by the ASEAN Secretariat in its effort to promote the interest of ASEAN.
  4. Use and Display of the ASEAN Flag by Member Countries
    The ASEAN Flag can be displayed at the ASEAN meetings, ceremonies, and functions held in Member Countries to promote greater ASEAN awareness and solidarity, in accordance with the provisions specified under these guidelines.
  5. Mourning
    Upon the death of a Head of State or Head of Government of a Member State, the ASEAN Flag shall be flown at half-mast at the ASEAN Secretariat building.
  6. Flag Arrangement for ASEAN Meetings
    The ASEAN Flag shall be displayed together with flags of Member Countries in the English alphabetical order starting from Brunei Darussalam on the extreme right.  The ASEAN Table flag shall be displayed at the right side of the Secretary-General/ASEAN Secretariat plaque.  The ASEAN Flag, in such cases, should be displayed in line with the grouping, to the extreme left of the countries’ flag, as illustrated in the following diagram:

Learn more about ASEAN here!