The pronunciation of verbs after adding –ED

To form a past of a regular verb, we add ED to the base verb, but if the verb already ends with E, then add only D. Also, if the verb ends with y, change the y to i and add ED.

Example: Kiss>> KissED, Like>>LikeD, Study>> StudIED

However, verbs are read differently after –ED is added to form past or past participle. Here are some hints used to help you read them all correctly:

1- If the verb ends with <<T>> or <<D>>, then the –ED will be pronounced /ID/

Here are some of the verbs: Want, Need, Hate, Test, etc.

Present—My brother wants to study abroad.

  • My brother wanted to study abroad.

Present—We need job to finance our living.

  • People needed food during the Pol Pot Regime, but they were not provided.

2- If the verbs end with K, P, F, ∫, t∫, or θ, the –ED will be pronounced <T>

Here are some verbs: Like, Stop, Surf, Finish, Watch, etc.

Present—They like having party with friends on weekends.

  • They liked candies when they were young.

Present—She stops working.

  • My father stopped smoking 18 years ago.

Present—I surf the Internet every day.

  • Last year, I surfed the Internet on weekends.

Present I watch TV every evening.

  • I watched TV only when I visited my hometown—when I was a student.